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The Ugly Duckling

Author: Andersen Hans Christian | Genre: Tale | Year: | Catalogue: Global database Все варианты сказки на сайте

It was lovely summer weather in the country, and the golden corn, the green oats,
and the haystacks piled up in the meadows looked beautiful. The stork walking
about on his long red legs chattered in the Egyptian language, which he had learnt
from his mother. The corn-fields and meadows were surrounded by large forests,
in the midst of which were deep pools. It was, indeed, delightful to walk about
in the country. In a sunny spot stood a pleasant old farm-house close by a deep
river, and from the house down to the water side grew great burdock leaves, so
high, that under the tallest of them a little child could stand upright. The spot
was as wild as the centre of a thick wood. In this snug retreat sat a duck on
her nest, watching for her young brood to hatch; she was beginning to get tired
of her task, for the little ones were a long time coming out of their shells,
and she seldom had any visitors. The other ducks liked much better to swim about
in the river than to climb the slippery banks, and sit under a burdock leaf, to
have a gossip with her. At length one shell cracked, and then another, and from
each egg came a living creature that lifted its head and cried, “Peep, peep.”
“Quack, quack,” said the mother, and then they all quacked as well as they could,
and looked about them on every side at the large green leaves. Their mother allowed
them to look as much as they liked, because green is good for the eyes. “How large
the world is,” said the young ducks, when they found how much more room they now
had than while they were inside the egg-shell. “Do you imagine this is the whole
world?” asked the mother; “Wait till you have seen the garden; it stretches far
beyond that to the parson’s field, but I have never ventured to such a distance.
Are you all out?” she continued, rising; “No, I declare, the largest egg lies
there still. I wonder how long this is to last, I am quite tired of it;” and she
seated herself again on the nest.

“Well, how are you getting on?” asked an old duck, who paid her a visit.

“One egg is not hatched yet,” said the duck, “it will not break. But just look
at all the others, are they not the prettiest little ducklings you ever saw?
They are the image of their father, who is so unkind, he never comes to see.”

“Let me see the egg that will not break,” said the duck; “I have no doubt it
is a turkey’s egg. I was persuaded to hatch some once, and after all my care
and trouble with the young ones, they were afraid of the water. I quacked and
clucked, but all to no purpose. I could not get them to venture in. Let me look
at the egg. Yes, that is a turkey’s egg; take my advice, leave it where it is
and teach the other children to swim.”

“I think I will sit on it a little while longer,” said the duck; “as I have
sat so long already, a few days will be nothing.”

“Please yourself,” said the old duck, and she went away.


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  • At last the large egg broke, and a young one crept forth crying, “Peep, peep.”
    It was very large and ugly. The duck stared at it and exclaimed, “It is very
    large and not at all like the others. I wonder if it really is a turkey. We
    shall soon find it out, however when we go to the water. It must go in, if I
    have to push it myself.”

    On the next day the weather was delightful, and the sun shone brightly on the
    green burdock leaves, so the mother duck took her young brood down to the water,
    and jumped in with a splash. “Quack, quack,” cried she, and one after another
    the little ducklings jumped in. The water closed over their heads, but they
    came up again in an instant, and swam about quite prettily with their legs paddling
    under them as easily as possible, and the ugly duckling was also in the water
    swimming with them.

    “Oh,” said the mother, “that is not a turkey; how well he uses his legs, and
    how upright he holds himself! He is my own child, and he is not so very ugly
    after all if you look at him properly. Quack, quack! come with me now, I will
    take you into grand society, and introduce you to the farmyard, but you must
    keep close to me or you may be trodden upon; and, above all, beware of the cat.”

    When they reached the farmyard, there was a great disturbance, two families
    were fighting for an eel’s head, which, after all, was carried off by the cat.
    “See, children, that is the way of the world,” said the mother duck, whetting
    her beak, for she would have liked the eel’s head herself. “Come, now, use your
    legs, and let me see how well you can behave. You must bow your heads prettily
    to that old duck yonder; she is the highest born of them all, and has Spanish
    blood, therefore, she is well off. Don’t you see she has a red flag tied to
    her leg, which is something very grand, and a great honor for a duck; it shows
    that every one is anxious not to lose her, as she can be recognized both by
    man and beast. Come, now, don’t turn your toes, a well-bred duckling spreads
    his feet wide apart, just like his father and mother, in this way; now bend
    your neck, and say ‘quack.’”

    The ducklings did as they were bid, but the other duck stared, and said, “Look,
    here comes another brood, as if there were not enough of us already! and what
    a queer looking object one of them is; we don’t want him here,” and then one
    flew out and bit him in the neck.

    “Let him alone,” said the mother; “he is not doing any harm.”

    “Yes, but he is so big and ugly,” said the spiteful duck “and therefore he
    must be turned out.”

    “The others are very pretty children,” said the old duck, with the rag on her
    leg, “all but that one; I wish his mother could improve him a little.”

    “That is impossible, your grace,” replied the mother; “he is not pretty; but
    he has a very good disposition, and swims as well or even better than the others.
    I think he will grow up pretty, and perhaps be smaller; he has remained too
    long in the egg, and therefore his figure is not properly formed;” and then
    she stroked his neck and smoothed the feathers, saying, “It is a drake, and
    therefore not of so much consequence. I think he will grow up strong, and able
    to take care of himself.”

    “The other ducklings are graceful enough,” said the old duck. “Now make yourself
    at home, and if you can find an eel’s head, you can bring it to me.”

    And so they made themselves comfortable; but the poor duckling, who had crept
    out of his shell last of all, and looked so ugly, was bitten and pushed and
    made fun of, not only by the ducks, but by all the poultry. “He is too big,”
    they all said, and the turkey cock, who had been born into the world with spurs,
    and fancied himself really an emperor, puffed himself out like a vessel in full
    sail, and flew at the duckling, and became quite red in the head with passion,
    so that the poor little thing did not know where to go, and was quite miserable
    because he was so ugly and laughed at by the whole farmyard. So it went on from
    day to day till it got worse and worse. The poor duckling was driven about by
    every one; even his brothers and sisters were unkind to him, and would say,
    “Ah, you ugly creature, I wish the cat would get you,” and his mother said she
    wished he had never been born. The ducks pecked him, the chickens beat him,
    and the girl who fed the poultry kicked him with her feet. So at last he ran
    away, frightening the little birds in the hedge as he flew over the palings.

    “They are afraid of me because I am ugly,” he said. So he closed his eyes,
    and flew still farther, until he came out on a large moor, inhabited by wild
    ducks. Here he remained the whole night, feeling very tired and sorrowful.

    In the morning, when the wild ducks rose in the air, they stared at their new
    comrade. “What sort of a duck are you?” they all said, coming round him.

    He bowed to them, and was as polite as he could be, but he did not reply to
    their question. “You are exceedingly ugly,” said the wild ducks, “but that will
    not matter if you do not want to marry one of our family.”

    Poor thing! he had no thoughts of marriage; all he wanted was permission to
    lie among the rushes, and drink some of the water on the moor. After he had
    been on the moor two days, there came two wild geese, or rather goslings, for
    they had not been out of the egg long, and were very saucy. “Listen, friend,”
    said one of them to the duckling, “you are so ugly, that we like you very well.
    Will you go with us, and become a bird of passage? Not far from here is another
    moor, in which there are some pretty wild geese, all unmarried. It is a chance
    for you to get a wife; you may be lucky, ugly as you are.”

    “Pop, pop,” sounded in the air, and the two wild geese fell dead among the
    rushes, and the water was tinged with blood. “Pop, pop,” echoed far and wide
    in the distance, and whole flocks of wild geese rose up from the rushes. The
    sound continued from every direction, for the sportsmen surrounded the moor,
    and some were even seated on branches of trees, overlooking the rushes. The
    blue smoke from the guns rose like clouds over the dark trees, and as it floated
    away across the water, a number of sporting dogs bounded in among the rushes,
    which bent beneath them wherever they went. How they terrified the poor duckling!
    He turned away his head to hide it under his wing, and at the same moment a
    large terrible dog passed quite near him. His jaws were open, his tongue hung
    from his mouth, and his eyes glared fearfully. He thrust his nose close to the
    duckling, showing his sharp teeth, and then, “splash, splash,” he went into
    the water without touching him, “Oh,” sighed the duckling, “how thankful I am
    for being so ugly; even a dog will not bite me.” And so he lay quite still,
    while the shot rattled through the rushes, and gun after gun was fired over
    him. It was late in the day before all became quiet, but even then the poor
    young thing did not dare to move. He waited quietly for several hours, and then,
    after looking carefully around him, hastened away from the moor as fast as he
    could. He ran over field and meadow till a storm arose, and he could hardly
    struggle against it. Towards evening, he reached a poor little cottage that
    seemed ready to fall, and only remained standing because it could not decide
    on which side to fall first. The storm continued so violent, that the duckling
    could go no farther; he sat down by the cottage, and then he noticed that the
    door was not quite closed in consequence of one of the hinges having given way.
    There was therefore a narrow opening near the bottom large enough for him to
    slip through, which he did very quietly, and got a shelter for the night. A
    woman, a tom cat, and a hen lived in this cottage. The tom cat, whom the mistress
    called, “My little son,” was a great favorite; he could raise his back, and
    purr, and could even throw out sparks from his fur if it were stroked the wrong
    way. The hen had very short legs, so she was called “Chickie short legs.” She
    laid good eggs, and her mistress loved her as if she had been her own child.
    In the morning, the strange visitor was discovered, and the tom cat began to
    purr, and the hen to cluck.

    “What is that noise about?” said the old woman, looking round the room, but
    her sight was not very good; therefore, when she saw the duckling she thought
    it must be a fat duck, that had strayed from home. “Oh what a prize!” she exclaimed,
    “I hope it is not a drake, for then I shall have some duck’s eggs. I must wait
    and see.” So the duckling was allowed to remain on trial for three weeks, but
    there were no eggs. Now the tom cat was the master of the house, and the hen
    was mistress, and they always said, “We and the world,” for they believed themselves
    to be half the world, and the better half too. The duckling thought that others
    might hold a different opinion on the subject, but the hen would not listen
    to such doubts. “Can you lay eggs?” she asked. “No.” “Then have the goodness
    to hold your tongue.” “Can you raise your back, or purr, or throw out sparks?”
    said the tom cat. “No.” “Then you have no right to express an opinion when sensible
    people are speaking.” So the duckling sat in a corner, feeling very low spirited,
    till the sunshine and the fresh air came into the room through the open door,
    and then he began to feel such a great longing for a swim on the water, that
    he could not help telling the hen.

    “What an absurd idea,” said the hen. “You have nothing else to do, therefore
    you have foolish fancies. If you could purr or lay eggs, they would pass away.”

    “But it is so delightful to swim about on the water,” said the duckling, “and
    so refreshing to feel it close over your head, while you dive down to the bottom.”

    “Delightful, indeed!” said the hen, “why you must be crazy! Ask the cat, he
    is the cleverest animal I know, ask him how he would like to swim about on the
    water, or to dive under it, for I will not speak of my own opinion; ask our
    mistress, the old woman—there is no one in the world more clever than she is.
    Do you think she would like to swim, or to let the water close over her head?”

    “You don’t understand me,” said the duckling.

    “We don’t understand you? Who can understand you, I wonder? Do you consider
    yourself more clever than the cat, or the old woman? I will say nothing of myself.
    Don’t imagine such nonsense, child, and thank your good fortune that you have
    been received here. Are you not in a warm room, and in society from which you
    may learn something. But you are a chatterer, and your company is not very agreeable.
    Believe me, I speak only for your own good. I may tell you unpleasant truths,
    but that is a proof of my friendship. I advise you, therefore, to lay eggs,
    and learn to purr as quickly as possible.”

    “I believe I must go out into the world again,” said the duckling.

    “Yes, do,” said the hen. So the duckling left the cottage, and soon found water
    on which it could swim and dive, but was avoided by all other animals, because
    of its ugly appearance. Autumn came, and the leaves in the forest turned to
    orange and gold. then, as winter approached, the wind caught them as they fell
    and whirled them in the cold air. The clouds, heavy with hail and snow-flakes,
    hung low in the sky, and the raven stood on the ferns crying, “Croak, croak.”
    It made one shiver with cold to look at him. All this was very sad for the poor
    little duckling. One evening, just as the sun set amid radiant clouds, there
    came a large flock of beautiful birds out of the bushes. The duckling had never
    seen any like them before. They were swans, and they curved their graceful necks,
    while their soft plumage shown with dazzling whiteness. They uttered a singular
    cry, as they spread their glorious wings and flew away from those cold regions
    to warmer countries across the sea. As they mounted higher and higher in the
    air, the ugly little duckling felt quite a strange sensation as he watched them.
    He whirled himself in the water like a wheel, stretched out his neck towards
    them, and uttered a cry so strange that it frightened himself. Could he ever
    forget those beautiful, happy birds; and when at last they were out of his sight,
    he dived under the water, and rose again almost beside himself with excitement.
    He knew not the names of these birds, nor where they had flown, but he felt
    towards them as he had never felt for any other bird in the world. He was not
    envious of these beautiful creatures, but wished to be as lovely as they. Poor
    ugly creature, how gladly he would have lived even with the ducks had they only
    given him encouragement. The winter grew colder and colder; he was obliged to
    swim about on the water to keep it from freezing, but every night the space
    on which he swam became smaller and smaller. At length it froze so hard that
    the ice in the water crackled as he moved, and the duckling had to paddle with
    his legs as well as he could, to keep the space from closing up. He became exhausted
    at last, and lay still and helpless, frozen fast in the ice.

    Early in the morning, a peasant, who was passing by, saw what had happened.
    He broke the ice in pieces with his wooden shoe, and carried the duckling home
    to his wife. The warmth revived the poor little creature; but when the children
    wanted to play with him, the duckling thought they would do him some harm; so
    he started up in terror, fluttered into the milk-pan, and splashed the milk
    about the room. Then the woman clapped her hands, which frightened him still
    more. He flew first into the butter-cask, then into the meal-tub, and out again.
    What a condition he was in! The woman screamed, and struck at him with the tongs;
    the children laughed and screamed, and tumbled over each other, in their efforts
    to catch him; but luckily he escaped. The door stood open; the poor creature
    could just manage to slip out among the bushes, and lie down quite exhausted
    in the newly fallen snow.

    It would be very sad, were I to relate all the misery and privations which
    the poor little duckling endured during the hard winter; but when it had passed,
    he found himself lying one morning in a moor, amongst the rushes. He felt the
    warm sun shining, and heard the lark singing, and saw that all around was beautiful
    spring. Then the young bird felt that his wings were strong, as he flapped them
    against his sides, and rose high into the air. They bore him onwards, until
    he found himself in a large garden, before he well knew how it had happened.
    The apple-trees were in full blossom, and the fragrant elders bent their long
    green branches down to the stream which wound round a smooth lawn. Everything
    looked beautiful, in the freshness of early spring. From a thicket close by
    came three beautiful white swans, rustling their feathers, and swimming lightly
    over the smooth water. The duckling remembered the lovely birds, and felt more
    strangely unhappy than ever.

    “I will fly to those royal birds,” he exclaimed, “and they will kill me, because
    I am so ugly, and dare to approach them; but it does not matter: better be killed
    by them than pecked by the ducks, beaten by the hens, pushed about by the maiden
    who feeds the poultry, or starved with hunger in the winter.”

    Then he flew to the water, and swam towards the beautiful swans. The moment
    they espied the stranger, they rushed to meet him with outstretched wings.

    “Kill me,” said the poor bird; and he bent his head down to the surface of
    the water, and awaited death.

    But what did he see in the clear stream below? His own image; no longer a dark,
    gray bird, ugly and disagreeable to look at, but a graceful and beautiful swan.
    To be born in a duck’s nest, in a farmyard, is of no consequence to a bird,
    if it is hatched from a swan’s egg. He now felt glad at having suffered sorrow
    and trouble, because it enabled him to enjoy so much better all the pleasure
    and happiness around him; for the great swans swam round the new-comer, and
    stroked his neck with their beaks, as a welcome.

    Into the garden presently came some little children, and threw bread and cake
    into the water.

    “See,” cried the youngest, “there is a new one;” and the rest were delighted,
    and ran to their father and mother, dancing and clapping their hands, and shouting
    joyously, “There is another swan come; a new one has arrived.”

    Then they threw more bread and cake into the water, and said, “The new one
    is the most beautiful of all; he is so young and pretty.” And the old swans
    bowed their heads before him.

    Then he felt quite ashamed, and hid his head under his wing; for he did not
    know what to do, he was so happy, and yet not at all proud. He had been persecuted
    and despised for his ugliness, and now he heard them say he was the most beautiful
    of all the birds. Even the elder-tree bent down its bows into the water before
    him, and the sun shone warm and bright. Then he rustled his feathers, curved
    his slender neck, and cried joyfully, from the depths of his heart, “I never
    dreamed of such happiness as this, while I was an ugly duckling.”